Sandy Hook


   MASS SHOOTING, NEWTOWN, CONNECTICUT, UNITED STATES [2012].
    




Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, also called Newtown shootings of 2012, mass shooting in Newtown, Connecticut, on December 14, 2012, that left 28 people dead and 2 injured. After murdering his mother at their home, Adam Lanza fatally shot 20 children and 6 adults at Sandy Hook Elementary School before taking his own life. 



20-year-old Adam Lanza killed his mother, Nancy Lanza, in the home that the two shared in Newtown. She was shot four times with a .22-calibre rifle. She had purchased the rifle, as well as an AR-15—the civilian semiautomatic version of the military M16assault rifle—and several other firearms that Adam Lanza would use later that day, in the years prior to the shooting. 




Lanza shot his way through a window next to the school’s locked security door just after 9:30 AM. He was immediately confronted by Sandy Hook principal Dawn Hochsprung and school psychologist Mary Sherlach. Lanza shot and killed both women, but the encounter and the sounds of gunfire were broadcast to individual classrooms via the school’s public address system.

He then went to a second classroom, where first-grade teacher Victoria Soto had hidden her students in a closet. She attempted to misdirect Lanza by telling him that her class was in the school’s auditorium on the other side of the building. Lanza killed Soto, as well as six students who attempted to flee from their hiding place. 

The first officers to enter the building caught a glimpse of an individual dressed in dark clothing, and, after hearing a series of shots, they found Lanza near the door to Soto’s classroom, dead from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. As the scale of the attack became clear, dozens of state and local police officers descended on the school, which police officials said would remain closed as a crime scene “indefinitely.” The school would be demolished in 2014 and replaced by a new building—occupying the same site but with a different footprint—in 2016. Investigators.


While police attempted to uncover a motive for the attack, the scale of the massacre, compounded by the age of the victims—the majority of whom were six or seven years old—sparked a renewed debate about Second Amendment rights. Proponents of gun control focused particular attention on the AR-15 that Lanza had used, as well as the 30-round ammunition magazines he had carried. Some semiautomatic assault rifles and large-capacity magazines had been banned under legislation passed by the U.S. Congress in 1994, but that law was allowed to lapse in 2004.





The National Rifle Association responded by advocating the introduction of armed guards into all American schools. More than one-fifth of public and private schools in the U.S. already employed police or other armed security personnel. The hallmark piece of federal legislation to be inspired by Sandy Hook was the proposed Assault Weapons Ban of 2013. Introduced by Sen. Dianne Feinstein a month after the shootings, the bill banned the sale of more than 150 specific firearm models as well as magazines that held more than 10 rounds of ammunition. 

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